Organization Definition – Meaning And Concept


Definition of Organization

An organization is a group of people who work together in order to achieve common organizational goals. In an organization, there is a hierarchy of human relationships. The purpose of this hierarchy is to achieve organizational goals by dividing work among the employees of the organization.

The following are a few definitions of “Organization” provided by different writers.

According to Louis Allen, an organization is a type of process in which work is identified, defined and grouped together in order to delegate authority and responsibility to designated people. This is done so that people part of an organization work more effectively in order to achieve the common organizational objectives. In an organization, the work is clearly defined for each, and every person part of the organization and each person has fixed authority and responsibility.

Oliver Sheldon defines an organization as a process of combining work performed by each individual and group of people by making the use of necessary facilities required for its execution and designated duties are performed by making the use of systematic, efficient, coordinated, and efficient efforts of each individual part of the organization.  An organization makes sure that resources available in the organization are utilized efficiently, and work is performed within the defined time duration by each individual who is assigned the work.

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Line Organization Definition – Characteristics and Types

Line Organization


The line organization can be defined as an organizational structure where authority flows in a direct line in the organization, i.e. from top to bottom, whereas responsibility follows in the opposite direction. That means, each boss is responsible for his immediate subordinates and he is accountable to his superiors.

Meaning of Line Organization

Line organization is the simplest and oldest organizational structure. In the line organization, the authority within the organization flows in vertical form, i.e. from topmost executive to the lowest worker working in the organization.

In the line organization structure, the managers control their direct subordinates through the chain of command. Therefore, it is also known as a chain of command or scalar principle. In the line organization, the authority flows from top to the bottom of the organization through various managerial positions.

In organizations that follow line structure, only line authority exists in such organizations. That means each manager is responsible for his direct subordinates, and he himself is accountable to his superiors.

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Importance Of Non-verbal Communication

Importance of Non-verbal Communication

Non-verbal communication is the conveying of information or message through signs, gestures, signals, body language, eye contact, glance, postures, hand movements and expressions without using actual words. As per the statistics revealed by several prominent journals more than half of the communication is non-verbal in nature. The best thing about such wordless communication tactics is that generally, the emotions are true and not fake.

Communication is a desired skill no doubt but people are always on the look-out for non-verbal communication during an interaction. This is because there is a strong belief that your words can lie but it is difficult to do so with eyes, gestures etc because their movement is unconscious and in most cases not deliberate like a lie or half-truth. Non-verbal communication is all about sharing cues between people so that an individual can interpret the expressions, mannerisms and physical behaviour instinctively to determine the actual truth behind the words.

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The Importance Of Advertising

Importance of Advertising

Advertising is defined as a non-personal promotion or presentation of ideas, services or products by an identified sponsor through paid announcements. It is a message that informs people about a specific product or service so that they are influenced enough to pay for it. Advertising is an important technique of communication that is beneficial to customers, salesman, business organizations as well as society. The advertisement expenses are considered a profitable investment and this is why every business organization is happy to bear it no matter the cost.

Advertising is considered one of the most effective weapons as it has the ability to influence a person’s mindset in a constructive manner and gain wide exposure.  There have been cases when a particular advertisement has failed to create a mark or is associated with negative outcome but these cases are very far and few. Advertising is about collecting and using important information about the customers and competitors to gain a competitive advantage in the consumer market.

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The Importance Of Research

Importance of Research

Research is a systematic process of studying and investigating certain facts in a field of knowledge. This is a scientific approach that is undertaken to verify old facts and discover new ones. It includes the collection of data and information, analyzing the facts and reaching specific conclusions. In simple terms research is like an addition to the available knowledge that leads to the further advancement of the information

Research is described as an objective method that pursues truth or further information via study, observation, analysis, comparison, and experiments.  The importance of research is that it establishes an analytical framework that helps in the investigation and later in decision-making. The purpose of the research is to prove a theory, enhance existing knowledge, offer a solution and lay the foundation for future development.

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The Importance Of Teamwork

Importance of Teamwork

Teamwork means collaboration and a sense of unity. It is the enthusiasm that encourages people to work together for their common responsibilities and interests. Teamwork is considered essential in accomplishing the overall objectives and goals of a company. It bonds team members and motivates them to rely on each other so as to complete tasks, meet deadlines and implement new and innovative ideas.

Teamwork has become crucial to enable smooth movement because it can easily remove constraints, encourage multi-disciplinary work, foster responsibility and felicitate ownership amongst the members. It actually promotes camaraderie and a sense of achievement so that individual strength changes into a team coalition. When people are part of a team there is an increase in the level of effort, energy, and creativity that often results in high levels of efficiency and productivity.

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Balanced Scorecard – Benefits and Four Perspectives

Balanced Scorecard

Strategic planning is an essential activity in any organization. It sets priorities, supports the operations, focuses on resources, and ensures that all the stakeholders and employees work towards a common goal. To follow up with the strategic planning and performance management framework, a balanced scorecard (BSC) is used. It provides an easy platform to track financial and non-financial measures to find out the organization’s success and when remedial actions are required.

The balanced scorecard is used by government, business, and non-profits that would bring into line the various daily activities. The financial and non-financial measures are tracked using a balance scorecard to regulate the degree of the company’s growth and success and the time to execute the remedial actions if required.

The balanced scorecard is a popular management tool especially made use in the United States, Northern Europe, UK, and Japan. Organizations that look forward to a consistent performance gets more benefit out of it.  A Balance scorecard requires a good effort to implement and provides and effective outcomes. To make it successful, an organization must have the required skilled resources to make the balances scorecard a great success.

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Importance Of Human Resource Management

Importance of Human Resource Management

Human resource management is a development-oriented approach that puts its onus on maintenance, utilization, development, and acquisition of human resources. It has been able to create a niche place for itself in an organization because it helps in the management to deal with some very serious issues related to recruitment, training, benefits, wellness, safety, organizational development, workplace communication, performance management, employee motivation, and compensation, etc.

Human resource management has a strategic role to play in accomplishing the objectives of the organization.  It flows from the values, vision, mission, and goals of an organization and the best part are that it has been able to create a balanced work environment that works in favor of both employees as well as the organization. This is the reason why companies are either creating a viable department in their own organization or outsourcing the services from human resource recruitment companies.

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Importance Of Technology

Importance of Technology

Technological advancements and innovations have played an important role in the lives of human beings. It is a tool that has helped the world in functioning efficiently. Technology has improved lives by saving time and effort and making sure that operations are running in a smooth manner.

Technology is the use of new techniques, systems, and tools to make the work more productive. It puts its onus on making things happen so that the standard of living can be enhanced. The best thing about technology is that it is easy to use and this is why people do not hesitate to integrate it into their lives as well as business.

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Line And Staff Organization Definition – Features, Advntages and Disadvantages

Line and staff Organization

Line and staff organization is a modified line organizational structure. In this organizational structure, the designation of different jobs is decided, and the relationship among them is clearly mentioned. Various methods can be used to structure jobs within an organization, but line organization and line and staff organization are the two most basic and simplest ways for creating job structure in an organization.

In a line organization, the top management has complete control and authority flows from top-level to bottom-level of the organization. Whereas, line and staff organization is modified line organization structure. In the line and staff organization, along with line organization staff departments are created—the role of staff departments to provide advice and support to the line managers.

Many organizations of different sizes, such as medium and large-scaled organization use line and organization structure because of its simple and efficient method to implement. In line and staff organizations, there are multiple layers of management in the organization.

In line and staff organization, the special staff is appointed and is attached to the line managers in order to provide them assistance in specialized activities. However, the power and control remain with the line executives. For example, when a managing director hires a secretary. The secretary might provide help in different work but will be considered a staff official and control remains with the managing director.

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