Definition of Organization
An organization is a group of people who work together in order to achieve common organizational goals. In an organization, there is a hierarchy of human relationships. The purpose of this hierarchy is to achieve organizational goals by dividing work among the employees of the organization.
The following are a few definitions of “Organization” provided by different writers.
According to Louis Allen, an organization is a type of process in which work is identified, defined and grouped together in order to delegate authority and responsibility to designated people. This is done so that people part of an organization work more effectively in order to achieve the common organizational objectives. In an organization, the work is clearly defined for each, and every person part of the organization and each person has fixed authority and responsibility.
Oliver Sheldon defines an organization as a process of combining work performed by each individual and group of people by making the use of necessary facilities required for its execution and designated duties are performed by making the use of systematic, efficient, coordinated, and efficient efforts of each individual part of the organization. An organization makes sure that resources available in the organization are utilized efficiently, and work is performed within the defined time duration by each individual who is assigned the work.