Organization Definition – Meaning And Concept

Organization

Definition of Organization

An organization is a group of people who work together in order to achieve common organizational goals. In an organization, there is a hierarchy of human relationships. The purpose of this hierarchy is to achieve organizational goals by dividing work among the employees of the organization.

The following are a few definitions of “Organization” provided by different writers.

According to Louis Allen, an organization is a type of process in which work is identified, defined and grouped together in order to delegate authority and responsibility to designated people. This is done so that people part of an organization work more effectively in order to achieve the common organizational objectives. In an organization, the work is clearly defined for each, and every person part of the organization and each person has fixed authority and responsibility.

Oliver Sheldon defines an organization as a process of combining work performed by each individual and group of people by making the use of necessary facilities required for its execution and designated duties are performed by making the use of systematic, efficient, coordinated, and efficient efforts of each individual part of the organization.  An organization makes sure that resources available in the organization are utilized efficiently, and work is performed within the defined time duration by each individual who is assigned the work.

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Line Organization Definition – Characteristics and Types

Line Organization

Definition

The line organization can be defined as an organizational structure where authority flows in a direct line in the organization, i.e. from top to bottom, whereas responsibility follows in the opposite direction. That means, each boss is responsible for his immediate subordinates and he is accountable to his superiors.

Meaning of Line Organization

Line organization is the simplest and oldest organizational structure. In the line organization, the authority within the organization flows in vertical form, i.e. from topmost executive to the lowest worker working in the organization.

In the line organization structure, the managers control their direct subordinates through the chain of command. Therefore, it is also known as a chain of command or scalar principle. In the line organization, the authority flows from top to the bottom of the organization through various managerial positions.

In organizations that follow line structure, only line authority exists in such organizations. That means each manager is responsible for his direct subordinates, and he himself is accountable to his superiors.

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Autocratic Leadership | Characteristics, Pros and Cons

Autocratic Leadership

Autocratic leadership is a sort of leadership where one person makes a choice and others have to follow it. It is a management style where a single person decides based on his beliefs. There is very less involvement of other members from the group.

Auto means self, in Greek, and cratic refers to rule.

This type of leadership is mostly observed in businesses where there are fewer employees. Therefore, one member decides on behalf of the company. It is effective mostly when the company requires immediate decision-making. So the responsibility of decision and its outcome solely depends on the leader.

It is crucial in several workplace environments. This leadership is vital for companies that demand error-free outcomes. Although this style isn’t much known, it is widespread among organizations.

In this, we also observe that the group leader dictates. Also, he provides responsibilities to other members or employees, yet they do not get any recognition. Since reward and recognition are of utmost importance to boost morale.

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Adaptive Leadership | Characteristics, Pros, and Cons

Precepts of Adaptive Leadership

A leadership style which was researched by Marty Linsky and Ron Heifetz is a framework of practical leadership that enhances people and company to become accustomed to change in the environment. And further, respond to the dilemmas effectively. It helps them to deal with considerable changes at an uncertain time.

Every company has ongoing problems. The leaders identify the systematic changes and deal with them. This adaptive leadership allows them to examine it accurately and then involves the entire company to deal with it. One can opt for this leadership when they find no easy solution.

Adaptive leaders formulate the strategies and practices to aid organizations and employees. They develop the capabilities which are required to compete in this challenging environment.

This adaptive leadership can be learned through specific training. For an adaptive leader, anyone from the organization can go ahead and take charge.

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Charismatic Leadership | Qualities and Benefits of Charismatic Leadership

Charismatic Leadership

Charismatic leadership plays a significant role in motivating followers to get things done or improve. This is a method of energizing specific sense in others. This is attained by establishing eagerness in others to achieve a stated goal or vision.

This type of style believes in the persuasiveness and elegance of a leader. The leaders are also called “transformation leaders” at times as they share some common attributes. But the actual difference is the audience and focus.

When talking about a charismatic leader, Martin Luther King Jr. is always remembered. He had a dominant personality and a spirit which demanded change for the lives of numerous people. He was an influential orator who spoke for the change.

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Bureaucratic Leadership | Definition, Pros, and Cons

Bureaucratic Leadership

Bureaucracy is one of the pillars of democracy. It is about governing societies with specific rules and regulations. The system is associated with controlling a country, company, or organization by providing several laws and rules which the members of it need to abide by.

As the term bureaucracy came into the world, several philosophers and thinkers began to examine it, which led them to introduce many definitions of bureaucracy.

Thinkers like Karl Marx and John Stuart Mill have evaluated the role of it as part of a functional society.

This is a management system that is utilized by large corporations still today. This leadership can have a massive impact if you have a highly regulated business environment. It is also very useful when used in companies that not require much creativity from members.

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Importance Of Non-verbal Communication

Importance of Non-verbal Communication

Non-verbal communication is the conveying of information or message through signs, gestures, signals, body language, eye contact, glance, postures, hand movements and expressions without using actual words. As per the statistics revealed by several prominent journals more than half of the communication is non-verbal in nature. The best thing about such wordless communication tactics is that generally, the emotions are true and not fake.

Communication is a desired skill no doubt but people are always on the look-out for non-verbal communication during an interaction. This is because there is a strong belief that your words can lie but it is difficult to do so with eyes, gestures etc because their movement is unconscious and in most cases not deliberate like a lie or half-truth. Non-verbal communication is all about sharing cues between people so that an individual can interpret the expressions, mannerisms and physical behaviour instinctively to determine the actual truth behind the words.

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The Importance Of Advertising

Importance of Advertising

Advertising is defined as a non-personal promotion or presentation of ideas, services or products by an identified sponsor through paid announcements. It is a message that informs people about a specific product or service so that they are influenced enough to pay for it. Advertising is an important technique of communication that is beneficial to customers, salesman, business organizations as well as society. The advertisement expenses are considered a profitable investment and this is why every business organization is happy to bear it no matter the cost.

Advertising is considered one of the most effective weapons as it has the ability to influence a person’s mindset in a constructive manner and gain wide exposure.  There have been cases when a particular advertisement has failed to create a mark or is associated with negative outcome but these cases are very far and few. Advertising is about collecting and using important information about the customers and competitors to gain a competitive advantage in the consumer market.

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The Importance Of Research

Importance of Research

Research is a systematic process of studying and investigating certain facts in a field of knowledge. This is a scientific approach that is undertaken to verify old facts and discover new ones. It includes the collection of data and information, analyzing the facts and reaching specific conclusions. In simple terms research is like an addition to the available knowledge that leads to the further advancement of the information

Research is described as an objective method that pursues truth or further information via study, observation, analysis, comparison, and experiments.  The importance of research is that it establishes an analytical framework that helps in the investigation and later in decision-making. The purpose of the research is to prove a theory, enhance existing knowledge, offer a solution and lay the foundation for future development.

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